Old Garden roses, also known as antique roses, are a diverse group of rose cultivars that were in existence before the introduction of modern hybrid tea roses. These roses were developed before the mid-19th century, and are appreciated for their historical and cultural significance, as well as their unique characteristics.
Old Garden roses can be further classified into several categories, such as Alba, Gallica, Damask, Centifolia, Moss, China, Tea, Noisette, Bourbon, and Hybrid Perpetual. These categories are based on their botanical characteristics and historical development.
Many of these roses were introduced in the late 18th and early 19th centuries by breeders such as André Dupont, Jean-Pierre Vibert, and Jacques-Louis Descemet. Some notable Old Garden roses include ‘Reine des Violettes’ (introduced in 1860), ‘Madame Hardy’ (introduced in 1832), and ‘Rosa Mundi’ (introduced in the 16th century).
Old Garden roses are known for their fragrance, disease resistance, and ability to thrive without much care. They are also popular for their charm and romance, and are often used in historical gardens and landscapes. Some Old Garden roses have won prestigious awards, such as the Portland Gold Medal, which was awarded to ‘Madame Hardy’ in 1908.
Overall, Old Garden roses are treasured for their beauty, history, and unique characteristics, and continue to be a beloved addition to gardens and landscapes around the world.