Bracteatae roses, also known as Macartney roses, are a small group of climbing roses known for their large, showy bracts that surround their flowers. One of the most popular varieties is Rosa bracteata ‘Bengal Crimson’, which features bright red blooms with striking bracts. Another popular variety is Rosa bracteata ‘Macartney’, which has yellow flowers with white bracts.
Bracteatae roses have historical significance as one of the first species of roses to be introduced from China to Europe in the late 18th century. They are often used as rootstock for modern rose cultivars because of their disease resistance and vigorous growth. Despite their limited popularity in modern gardens, bracteatae roses remain an important part of rose breeding history.