China roses, also known as “Chinensis” roses, are a group of shrub roses that originated in China and were introduced to Europe in the late 18th century. They are known for their petite size, delicate blooms, and fragrant, repeat-flowering qualities. China roses typically have small to medium-sized, semi-double to double blooms, with a range of colors from shades of pink, red, and white, to bicolors and blends.
As shrubs, China roses can grow up to 3-4 feet tall and wide, with a compact, bushy habit. They are popular for their ability to bloom repeatedly throughout the growing season, making them a popular choice for gardeners looking for continuous color in their landscape. China roses are also known for their disease-resistant qualities, making them relatively easy to care for.
Some popular cultivars of China roses include ‘Mutabilis’, ‘Old Blush’, ‘Cramoisi Superieur’, and ‘Louis Philippe’. ‘Mutabilis’ is a well-known variety with striking, multi-colored blooms that change from deep pink to yellow as they age. ‘Old Blush’, also known as ‘Parson’s Pink China’, is another popular cultivar with pink, double blooms that fade to a pale blush. ‘Cramoisi Superieur’ is a rich, red variety with a spicy fragrance, while ‘Louis Philippe’ has double, crimson-red blooms and is known for its hardiness and disease resistance.