Hybrid China (HCh) / Climbing Hybrid China (Cl HCh)
Hybrid China roses are a cultivar group that combines the qualities of China roses and European roses. These roses were first developed in France in the early 19th century and quickly became popular for their attractive blooms and extended blooming period. The Hybrid China group is characterized by its hardiness, disease resistance, and ability to produce large, fragrant flowers repeatedly throughout the growing season.
Hybrid China roses typically have large, semi-double or double blooms in shades of pink, red, or white. They are generally shrub-like in growth habit, but some varieties can also be trained to climb. Notable varieties of Hybrid China roses include ‘Mutabilis’, ‘Old Blush’, and ‘Parson’s Pink China’.
The Hybrid China group was developed by breeders such as Philippe Noisette, Jacques-Louis Descemet, and Robert Fortune. Over the years, several cultivars within this group have won numerous awards for their beauty and performance. For instance, ‘Old Blush’ has received the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit for its exceptional qualities.