China (C) / Climbing China (Cl Ch)
China roses, also known as Rosa chinensis, are a group of roses that originated in China and were introduced to the West in the early 19th century. They are known for their compact growth habit, glossy green foliage, and small, delicate flowers that bloom in clusters. The flowers of China roses are typically shades of pink or red, with a slight fragrance.
China roses were the first group of roses to bloom continuously throughout the growing season, making them an important contribution to the development of modern rose breeding. They were also instrumental in the development of the tea rose, which is a cross between China and Hybrid Perpetual roses.
Some popular varieties of China roses include Old Blush, Mutabilis, and Cramoisi Superieur. They have been used extensively in rose breeding, particularly in the development of modern shrub roses.
China roses have won several awards, including the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit. They continue to be a popular choice for gardens and landscapes, particularly in warmer climates.