Zimbabwe History & Culture Of The Rose

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Historical Roots

The captivating history of roses in Zimbabwe traces back to the colonial era when British settlers introduced these exquisite blooms to the region. Since then, roses have flourished in Zimbabwe’s favorable climate, blooming into an integral part of the nation’s horticultural heritage.

Cultural Significance

In Zimbabwean culture, the rose holds deep significance as a symbol of love, beauty, and admiration. For instance, bouquets of roses are exchanged as heartfelt expressions of affection during weddings, anniversaries, and special celebrations. Zimbabwe takes pride in hosting rose festivals, celebrating the beauty and diversity of these blooms. The Harare Rose Show, an annual event, showcases breathtaking displays of roses, attracting enthusiasts and tourists from all corners of the nation.

Economic Impact

Zimbabwe’s rich soil and favorable weather conditions have fostered a thriving rose industry. The cultivation and trade of roses have emerged as significant contributors to the country’s economy, providing livelihoods to local farmers and supporting export opportunities. Specifically, roses make up over 70% of Zimbabwe’s floral exports. Moreover, the country’s rose growing area totals 350 hectares (864 acres). With several flower farms mainly situated in Banket/Trelawney, Concession/Glendale, Harare, Kwe Kwe, Goromonz and Bindura, the country’s economy is heading to a better direction. At present, Zimbabwe’s young farmers have captured the flower market and have become formidable forces.

Art & Literature

The enchanting allure of roses has inspired Zimbabwean artists to translate their beauty onto canvas. One such artist is Kudzanai Violet Hwami, whose artwork often features vibrant floral themes, including stunning renditions of roses in full bloom.

Zimbabwean literature has embraced the charm of roses, with poets weaving these blooms into their verses. The words of revered poets like Tafadzwa Mhondiwa Mugari (“Of Roses And Thorns”) and Yvonne Vera have celebrated the elegance and symbolism of roses, adding poetic grace to Zimbabwe’s literary landscape.


Beyond aesthetics, roses wield a profound influence on Zimbabwean culture. From adorning traditional ceremonies to symbolizing hope and unity in national events, roses have rooted themselves deeply in the country’s cultural fabric, signifying resilience and growth.

Roses of Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe boasts an array of cultivated rose varieties, each with its unique characteristics and colors. To list, La Belle, a light pink Hybrid Tea rose displays a classic cupped bloom form. Additionally, Piccadilly, another Hybrid Tea exhibits hues of red and yellow perfectly blended in each bloom. Further, a deep yellow rose called Solero is also bred in the country’s several flower farms.

As Zimbabwe continues to bloom and evolve, the rose remains an enduring symbol of love, beauty, and prosperity. The flower has endured much from its introduction during colonial times to its contemporary presence in the country’s art, literature, and culture. Embraced by hearts and gardens alike, the rose’s enduring presence continues to weave an ever-lasting tale of admiration and hope in the hearts of the Zimbabwean people.