Bhutan History & Culture Of The Rose

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The Enchanting Rose: A Cultural Icon in Bhutan

Nestled in the eastern Himalayas, Bhutan is known for its breathtaking landscapes and rich cultural heritage. The rose has woven its way into the country’s history, culture, economics, art, and literature. This aromatic flower has left a lasting impact on the lives of Bhutanese people. This time, let’s embark on a journey to explore the enchanting world of roses in Bhutan.

History and Cultural Significance

Roses hold a special place in Bhutanese history, dating back centuries. According to local folklore, Padmasambhava, the renowned Buddhist guru, brought the first rose seeds to Bhutan during his visit in the 8th century. Since then, the rose has become deeply ingrained in Bhutanese culture, symbolizing love, purity, and devotion. It is not uncommon to find rose petals adorning religious offerings, sacred shrines, and even used in traditional wedding ceremonies.

Economics and Trade

The cultivation of roses has also become a significant economic activity in Bhutan. With a favorable climate, the districts of Paro and Punakha produce the most sought-after Bhutanese roses. The Rose Garden in Paro is a prime example of the country’s flourishing rose industry. Moreover, this is where a diverse array of rose varieties are grown for export and domestic use. The demand for Bhutanese roses has been steadily rising, contributing to the country’s export revenue and boosting the livelihood of local farmers.

Art and Literature

Bhutanese artists have embraced the beauty of roses, using them as a muse for their creations. One such artist is Tshering Wangmo, whose vibrant paintings often feature roses in various forms, capturing the essence of the flower’s allure. Similarly, roses frequently find their way into traditional Bhutanese textiles, like the intricate kira and gho, adding a touch of elegance and symbolism to the country’s traditional attire.

The allure of the rose has also found its way into Bhutanese literature. Renowned Bhutanese poet Pema Thinley penned the celebrated poem “Rays of the Enchanted Rose,” beautifully portraying the flower’s grace and its significance in the lives of Bhutanese people. Such literary works have helped immortalize the rose as an emblem of Bhutan’s cultural heritage.

Influence on Bhutanese Lifestyle

Beyond the realms of art and literature, roses have seeped into the everyday lives of Bhutanese people. The rose is not only appreciated for its aesthetic appeal but is also used for its medicinal properties. Traditional Bhutanese medicine incorporates rose petals into remedies believed to alleviate various ailments and promote well-being.

Prominent Roses in Bhutan

One cannot speak of Bhutanese roses without mentioning the “Kula Lumpur,” a striking rose variety named after the capital of Malaysia. Its captivating fragrance and velvety red petals have earned it a special place in the hearts of Bhutanese rose enthusiasts. Another cherished rose is the “Druk Neykur,” locally known as the “Rose of Thunder Dragon,” which proudly bears the country’s national symbol on its blooms.

Rose Festivals and Celebrations

Bhutan celebrates its love for roses through vibrant festivals. The annual “Rose Festival” in Thimphu, the capital city, is a grand affair that attracts locals and tourists alike. The festival showcases an exquisite array of rose varieties, along with cultural performances, traditional dances, and handicraft displays, all dedicated to honoring the beloved flower.


The rose, a timeless symbol of love and beauty, has intricately woven itself into the fabric of Bhutanese culture and life. From historical tales to contemporary art and literature, the enchanting allure of roses continues to captivate the hearts of the Bhutanese people. As the country embraces its traditional heritage while also embracing modernity, the cherished rose remains an enduring emblem of Bhutan’s rich cultural identity. So, the next time you encounter a beautiful rose, take a moment to appreciate the profound influence this elegant flower holds in the charming kingdom of Bhutan.