Georgia History & Culture Of The Rose

The skyline of Georgia with Damask roses
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The rose has a rich history and cultural significance in the country of Georgia. The flower is commonly referred to as the “queen of flowers” and has been an important part of Georgian culture for centuries.

The cultivation of roses in Georgia dates back to ancient times, with evidence of rose oil production found in the ancient city of Uplistsikhe. Roses were highly valued for their medicinal properties, as well as for their beauty, and were often used in perfumes, cosmetics, and food.

During the medieval period, roses became a popular decorative element in Georgian art and architecture. They were often used in frescoes and carvings, and were a common motif in church decoration. The rose was also featured on Georgian coins, stamps, and banknotes.

In Georgian folklore, the rose is associated with love and beauty. It is said that the first rose bloomed in Georgia when a young woman’s tears fell to the ground and sprouted into a beautiful flower. The rose is also a symbol of hospitality and is often used in traditional Georgian hospitality rituals.

Today, Georgia is known for its production of high-quality rose oil, which is extracted from the petals of the Rosa damascena and Rosa alba varieties. The oil is used in perfumes, cosmetics, and traditional Georgian medicine.

The rose is also a popular garden plant in Georgia, with many varieties grown for their beauty and fragrance. The Tbilisi Botanical Garden, located in the capital city of Tbilisi, is home to a diverse collection of roses, including many rare and exotic varieties.

In recent years, the rose has become a symbol of national identity and pride in Georgia. In 2014, the government declared the Rosa damascena variety as the national flower of Georgia, and the rose is now featured prominently in the country’s tourism and branding campaigns.

Overall, the rose holds a special place in Georgian culture and history, and continues to be celebrated for its beauty, fragrance, and medicinal properties.