Sweden History & Culture Of The Rose

country shape flag for history & culture of the rose in Sweden
Home / Topics / Regional Rose Culture / European Culture & History Of Roses / Sweden History & Culture Of The Rose

Roses have been a significant part of Swedish culture and history for centuries. The country’s climate is ideal for growing roses, and the Swedish has been cultivating these flowers since the 17th century. Today, roses are still popular garden flowers in Sweden, as well as decorations in various cultural and social events. The following sections tackle the essence of the rose in the history, culture, art, and literature of Sweden.


Roses have been a part of Swedish culture for centuries. However, there is no clear evidence of wild roses in Sweden. However, many believe that traders and travelers from the Middle East and Asia introduced these flowers to the country.

The first documented evidence of roses in Sweden dates back to the 17th century. At this time, roses are popular among prominent royal gardens. During the 18th century, roses became increasingly popular among the upper class, and they often used these flowers as a symbol of wealth and status. In the 19th century, roses became more widely available to the general public. Specifically, they were used in gardens and parks throughout the country. It was during this time that rose breeding became popular in Sweden, and local rose farmers developed many new varieties of roses.

Cultural Significance

Roses, or “rosor” in Swedish, hold a significant cultural value in Sweden. These beautiful blooms often adorn various cultural events, such as weddings, funerals, and other celebrations. One of the most celebrated events that feature these flowers is the Midsummer Festival where the Swedes celebrate the summer solstice and the arrival of the summer season. On the other hand, Swedish folklore often associates roses with love and romance. They also consider these flowers a symbol of passion, beauty, and purity. 

In addition to their romantic associations, roses are also used in various traditional Swedish dishes. For example, people often use rose petals to flavor jams, jellies, and other desserts as well as make rosehip tea, which is a popular beverage in Sweden. Roses are also an important part of Swedish gardening culture. These blooms are also a common sight in many public parks and gardens in Sweden. The country has a long history of cultivating roses, and many Swedish gardeners take great pride in growing and displaying different varieties of roses.


The rose industry is an important contributor to the economy of Sweden. Roses are one of the most popular flowers in the country and are used for various purposes, including decoration, gift-giving, and as a key ingredient in the perfume industry.

The country has invested heavily in research and development to improve quality, reduce costs, and increase efficiency in rose production. This has led to the development of new and improved varieties of roses that are more disease-resistant, have a longer shelf life, and are more visually appealing.

The industry provides employment opportunities for thousands of people and generates millions of dollars in revenue. The export of roses to other countries is also an important source of income for the country. The rose industry in Sweden is expected to continue to grow in the coming years, driven by increasing demand for high-quality roses and the country’s commitment to innovation and technology.


Roses have played an important role in Swedish art and literature for centuries. In traditional Swedish folk art, roses were often depicted in floral motifs and patterns, especially in rosemaling or rosemåling. It is a decorative folk painting style that originated in Norway and spread to Sweden. This style of painting often features floral designs, including roses, painted on wooden objects such as furniture, plates, and bowls.

Swedish artists have also incorporated roses into their paintings. One notable example is Carl Larsson, a renowned Swedish painter who often included roses in his works. In his paintings “Beehives and Roses”, “Azalea”, and “Rose and Back”, he depicts a young woman and the roses in one frame. Roses have also been a popular subject in Swedish literature. In the poem “The snow whirls over the courtyard’s roses” by Tua Forsström, she uses the contrasts of color, temperature, and movement through the rose and the snow.

Roses in Sweden

Another equally important part of the history and culture of the rose in Sweden is the development of rose varieties that are suited to the Swedish climate. Moreover, the country is known for its beautiful gardens, and roses are popular among gardeners. A few native Swedish rose varieties Modern Shrubs such as ‘Irma,’ ‘Anna,’ ‘Freja,’ and ‘Ydrerosen.’ Bourbons such as ‘Blomsterhult’ and Rugosa varieties like ‘Örträsk.’ There are also Spinosissima roses like Valdemarsvik, Mauritzberg, Oviken, Vaplan, and the Damask variety ‘Svea.’

One can find several rose gardens and parks in Sweden where these beautiful blooms are found in diverse forms. To name a few:

  • The Garden Society of Gothenburg is a park nestled at the center of the city with a Rosarium built in 1987. About 1200 different roses are blooming every summer in this park.
  • Rosenlunds rosarium, Jönköping is located at the Rosenlund manor house. The rosarium presently contains perennials, clematis, dahlias, and over 500 distinct varieties of roses.

Overall, Sweden is working to ensure that its rose heritage is preserved for future generations to enjoy. The history and culture of the rose in Sweden is a fascinating topic that continues to be of great interest to people throughout the country and around the world. In the end, there is much to discover and enjoy about the rich and varied world of roses in Sweden.

Roses Originating In Sweden

The Rose Directory website library catalogues roses from around the world. If there are any roses originating from this country, you can find a clickable list to explore below. If there are no roses listed, don’t worry – we will continue to add more roses to the catalogue in the future and more may appear then.

No roses found.
country shape flag for history & culture of the rose in Sweden


Visit Store

From Clothes & Apparel To Home Décor & Accessories. Free Returns. Unique Designs. Worldwide Shipping.